How to install the solar mounting structure to be waterproof ?

2018-10-30 11:37
In wrold,roof can be roughly divided into household tile roof, concrete flat roof and metal roof. For the installation of rooftop solar power plants, “waterproofing” has to be said to be a very important factor! As the world's leading manufacturer of solar mounting, CHIKO Solar explained how to deal with the waterproof problem when the solar mounting structure is installed on the roof!
How to install the solar mounting system to be waterproof ?
First of all, we need to tell you that the general principle of roof waterproofing is: it should not be blocked, that is, to ensure that the nodes can smoothly drain the water during the storm water and ensure that the roof does not leak.
Therefore, in the design, the base of the structure should not be arranged perpendicular to the drainage direction, and the drainage of the roof rainwater is not hindered. In addition, when the photovoltaic system is installed on the existing roof by directly placing the support base, the base does not have a relationship with the structural layer of the original roof. Therefore, in order to ensure the safety of the structure, the base must be placed smoothly and neatly. And need to take measures to fix, to avoid the phenomenon of overturning, slipping and so on. Since the pedestal and the structural layer do not have a relationship, it is difficult to install an additional waterproof layer, and the waterproof layer of the original roof should be preserved as much as possible to prevent leakage.
For the case where the original roof must be damaged, it is necessary to adapt to the local conditions and treat differently according to different situations.
1. Waterproofing of concrete flat roof solar mounting structure
How to install the solar mounting system to be waterproof ?
For new buildings with concrete flat roofs or villa concrete sloping roofs (overlying tiles), bolts should be pre-embedded at the time of design and the roof should be waterproofed according to normal practices.
How to install the solar mounting to be waterproof ?
For existing buildings with concrete flat roofs or villa concrete slope roofs (overlying tiles), the roof structure should be confirmed first. When the photovoltaic module base is connected with the structural layer, the periphery of the metal embedded part of the base is waterproof and weak. If improperly treated, the rain easily leaks from the surrounding bolts to the structural layer, causing corrosion to the structural steel bars. , forming a safety hazard. Therefore, when setting the base of the PV module, the waterproof layer should be laid on the top of the base and the embedded parts of the metal, and sealed around the anchor bolts. The waterproof layer should be filled with waterproof sealant to isolate the rainwater from seeping. An additional waterproof layer should be added to the lower part of the pedestal. Even if the top of the pedestal leaks, the rain will not reach the structural layer.
2, Metal roof solar mounting installation waterproof
For metal roof roofing, the steel structure of the photovoltaic system needs to penetrate the original waterproof layer and the profiled steel plate, and is fixed on the main steel structure of the building; then refer to the waterproofing method of metal roof roof to carry out steam insulation, heat preservation and waterproofing. deal with. The focus of the construction is to rust, seal, and apply waterproof coating to the base and the periphery.
For the local leakage point of the metal roof roof, it should be smeared with high-quality neutral weathering sealant; for the color steel plate with severe local corrosion, it needs to be replaced before installing the PV module.
  • 1) For the case where the cross section of the color steel plate rib is trapezoidal: the solar support is usually connected from the side or the top surface by self-tapping bolts and color steel plates. The self-tapping bolts must be equipped with a matching weather-resistant sealing waterproof gasket. After the self-tapping bolts are fixed, the screws must be coated with high-quality neutral weathering sealant.
  • 2) For the case where the cable casing is worn through the roof panel: there are practices in the existing national standard atlas. In the design and construction, it can be selected according to the actual conditions of the actual project.
  • 3) For the case of cable through the roof panel: the waterproof cover can be used for the waterproof cover. Detai cover sheet is a roof waterproof structure. It is often used in the roof of colored pressed steel sheets. It has good physical properties and chemical corrosion resistance, and can overcome the problems of water leakage of rigid waterproof materials.
  • 3. Waterproof treatment at the perforation of the roof
  • For existing buildings with concrete flat roofs or villa concrete slope roofs, if chemical anchor bolts are used to fix the solar mounting structure, the thickness of the protective layer or the surface layer should be confirmed first. For prefabricated slab roofs with a large bearing area per unit area, the façade fixing method of prefabricated cement piers can be used on the roof. After solidification, the structures are fixed by chemical anchor bolts. For the slope roof of the overlying tile, the depth of the hole should be confirmed. After the chemical anchor bolt is fixed, the position of the bolt passing through the tile should be treated well with a waterproof sealant. Due to its large bearing capacity and resistance to fatigue and aging, some chemical anchor bolts can withstand dynamic loads and impact loads. There is no expansion force on the base body and no crushing stress is generated. Therefore, it will not adversely affect roof waterproofing.
CHIKO Solar focuses on the production and sales of solar mounting structure for many years. It has many years of design and development advantages and on-site construction experience for the waterproofing of photovoltaic roofing. The company has more than 40 domestic and foreign patents, and has strict product quality system and perfect design. Installation technical specifications. The stents and related ancillary products independently developed by CHIKO Solar have been certified by TUV, UL, AS/NZ1170.2 and so on.
For more information on the “waterproof” problem of photovoltaic roofing, please contact us directly!
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Above news from CHIKO Sales & Marketing department
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